Basic engineering package – Ideal approach

A company contracted for Basic engineering design package adapts it according to the chosen scope of supply work, ranging from the delivery of key equipment to the incorporation of a complete skid-mounted unit.

Only a well qualified & experienced engineering company will be able to successfully execute detail engineering, equipment procurement, preparation of the final plant operating manuals, plant construction etc which ensures a complete delivery cycle of a basic engineering package.

For the delivery of a skid-mounted unit, assembling should take place in fabrication workshops, the documentation should focus more on ways to utilize the unit.
BEP Meetings

The engineering company’s constant contact with the owners of industrial plants is a must during the execution of the basic engineering to ensure:

  • All local conditions and regulations are considered
  • The necessary agreement and understanding on of industrial units chosen technologies is considered.
  • Exchange of information about the actual status during basic engineering performance

Typical meetings:

  • Kick-start meeting to agree on the basic data
  • Intermediate meeting to present & visualize first results and agree on challenges encountered
  • Meeting to present the basic engineering documentation
  • A detail engineering review meeting

Both during and after the execution of a basic engineering project, the engineering company should provide several additional services that are essential to design, construct, install and run the unit.
For example:

  • Supporting documentation for authorities
  • Participating at HAZOP and other safety related meetings
  • Support during commissioning
  • Support during start-up
  • Participation in performance test runs
  • Support for later plant modifications involving issues like de-bottlenecking, capacity increases etc.

Basic engineering package design – Checklist

  • Design Basis
  • Process Description
  • Equipment List
  • Process Flow Diagrams and Heat & Material Balances
  • Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams
  • Process Equipment Data Sheet
  • Instrument List
  • Piping
  • Control Philosophy
  • Effluent stream list

List of vapor emission sources

  • Composition and flow rate of process off gas and evaluation of whether this material can be sent to the hot oil heater or must be sent to a thermal oxidizer.
  • Hot Oil Heater and Steam Generation Boiler characteristics, evaluation of flue gas treating requirements and definition of effluent flue gas treating system requirements
  • Liquid Effluent Streams
  • Solid Waste quantities and type
  • By-product quantities and characteristics

Quality Assurance and Laboratory Information

Utilities Consumption

Panorama’s highly experienced engineers have extensive chemical process engineering expertise in oil and gas, refining, gasification, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and specialty chemicals.

Automatic Sprinkler System Design Factors

Irrigation and water systems for a residence can prove to be an essential mechanical aspect of any garden or lawn. Designing a proper automatic sprinkler system for your home is something that should be done with great care and technical know-how. In India, there a number of companies that provide this service for homeowners or companies with areas that require watering.

Automatic Sprinkler System Design

Planning an efficient automatic sprinkler system for your property requires you to note a number of essential things. One needs to correctly understand the design capacity of the sprinkler system and just how much water is actually available for the sprinkler system to utilize. Often times, irrigation systems in India are done using the public water supply. A number of things should therefore be checked, these include:

  • Check the water pressure (PSI). Attaching a pressure gauge to the external faucet nearest to the water meter can do this. You should ensure that no other water in flowing within the house. Turn on the water supply and take a record of the number indicated.
  • Determine the water volume available for the sprinkler system
  • Also, using an appropriate system design capacity chart, locate your own sprinkler system design capacity and static pressure.

After checking these basic things, then you can proceed to installing your sprinkler system.

  • Do an appropriate plot plan by indicating and sketching the location of your house, taking note of all trees, lawns and fences around the house.
  • After determining the water pressure and volumes necessary, the next step is to select the sprinkler head. There are three main types and these include; rotors for large areas, rotating steam spray sprinklers and small area sprinklers.
  • After understanding the reach and capacity from choosing your sprinkler heads, you can design where you want to locate your sprinkler heads around your lawn. Sprinkler heads usually come with specifications on their reach so be sure not to place sprinklers far apart so that everywhere on your lawn can be watered. Sprinklers can also be divided into zones if the yard is quite large.
  • Properly ensure all points of connection are in proper correspondence with each of the specifications needed, including pipes and valves. Most professionals would recommend PVC pipes because of the constant water pressure from the backflow preventer to the zone control valves.
  • Run a proper system installation ensuring the wires for the main control are all connected.

Automatic sprinkler systems are quite technical to install and you should contact the help of an experienced professionals. Most homes in India have small watering areas so the workload may not be so much of an undertaking. For larger areas such as fields and parks, a proper technical team should be employed to properly take care of all the technicalities that may arise on the job. It may also not be a one-day job so patience is required in order to sort out all the small aspects to ensure your automatic sprinkler system is working perfectly.

Custom Simulations in India : Filtration and Separation Systems in India

Specially designed custom filtration and separation analysis provide critical support for improving engineering standards. The simulated field tests can establish insights into performance of filtration and separation processes thereby reducing physical testing and prototyping costs. Actual physical field test are often unreliable and cost prohibitive.

Virtual simulation has the advantage of enhancing the capabilities of the entire engineering project, from the critical dynamics for developers, engineers and operators. Optimization of these treatment systems is the goal of any custom filtration and separation simulation. There is diverse application in simulation capabilities in areas of filtration, separation and distillation.

Industrial solutions to evaluate the performance standards of filtration and separation devices allows your operator’s, developers and engineers to collaborate in the development of improved system dynamics. Our custom analysis allows for cost effective innovation on a large scale. Simulating real world conditions that impact the entire endeavor is vital to the success of the entire program. Our aim is to enhance your devices dependability through our in-depth and thorough studies.

This promotes a fluid flow of interaction form all design work to field specific working condition simulations. Physical tests are time consuming and expensive and often do not yield usable analysis. Spending thousands of hours and funds on testing that yields no usable data can be detrimental to the entire project. Modeling and simulation of the filtration process allows departments to see the flow of functional steps from a unique perspective.

The ability to find the effective filtration solution is critical for the development of reliable products and industry specific tools. It is hard to find a place or dynamic within the industries of our day that do not require that filtration play a basic role. The quality of drinking water, the efficiency of engines, the treatment of wastes and the quality of the air that we breathe all require and depend on filtration systems.

The business of filtration and separation is expanding across global industry driving fierce competition to develop reliable systems. We can carry out comprehensive mathematical studies to provide engineers with the proper tools to develop their ideas. Filtration and separation systems are intrinsically Multiscale, Multiphasic and Multiphysics processes.

Expanding the analysis process will provide the missing link for maximum productivity and portability. We can help your team tap into the virtual flow of your filtration and separation design needs. We will help align all process and systems for high levels of quality.

Approaches for the microscale or pore scale and macro scale or filter scale requires detailed investigation. Our simulation programs are scalable and customizable to suite your industry specific needs. We have developed Software tools over the last decade that will support your programs specific details. Finally, we are already helping multiple suppliers, developers, engineers and industries illustrate the potential for industry specific mathematics and analysis to solve practical particle flow problems.

Understanding Process Flow Diagrams and P&IDs

If you need a visual representation of the steps to take in your engineering project, then it is advisable to use a Process Flow Diagram. A PFD is also known as a System Flow Diagram, is a chart that illustrates the relationship between all the main components of a system. A PFD is used commonly within the Engineering Industry within the Process and Chemical Engineering fields. A PFD can be used in the below instances:

  • To improve knowledge of how a process is done.
  • To study a process for improvement.
  • To document a process.
  • When planning a project.
  • To communicate to others how a process is done.
  • When better communication is needed between people involved with the same process.

It is important to not worry too much when creating the PFD, just to ensure that those involved understand the process. Remembering to classify and include all important participants in the process is also critical. Including them from the planning stages ensures all points of view are taken into consideration.

Process and Instrumentation Drawing (P&ID)

A process and instrumentation drawing is more multifaceted than a process flow diagram. Basically, P&IDs convey more information than PFDs do. They are also referred to as Piping and Instrumentation diagrams. Personnel such as, Instrumentation technicians, Mechanical and safety engineers implement P&IDs. It is a schematic diagram which is used for outlining a process control installation as well as start-up and operational information. Chemical apparatus such as pipes, pumps, fans, vents, valves, furnace, etc. have symbols which represent them in P&IDs, and they are the most accurate means of documenting processes.

Comparison between Process Flow diagrams (PFD) & Process and Instrumentation Drawing (P&ID)

The two diagrams are almost always confused with each other. P&IDs expand the information from PFDs by including the following;

  • Instrumentation and Controls
  • Direction of process flow
  • Connections and Component types
  • Sequence of processes
  • Connectivity and order of equipment for the process

PFDs mandatorily contain the following:

  • Major equipment symbols, names and identification numbers
  • Valves, primarily control valves that affect operation of the system
  • Layout of the interconnection between systems
  • The Primary recirculation and bypass lines.
  • Ratings of the system and the operational values which could be; minimum, average and maximum flow. Temperature and pressure ratings not neglected
  • Fluids constituents or composition.

In India, many Engineering and particularly manufacturing firms employ the use of PFDs and PIDs to fully conceptualize the span of manufacturing processes. They employ the use of Computer aided design/ Computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software to highlight the details of even the minutest process relationship.

In conclusion, regardless of the differences between the two, they are extremely vital tools to conceptualize processes and complex projects.

Role of Process engineering in Life sciences in India

Better understanding the role process engineering serves in our life

It’s absolutely amazing to think of the tremendous advances we’ve all been able to witness in just the last 100 years or so.

Think about this – it really wasn’t all that long ago that the overwhelming majority of people on this planet were commuting by horse, had never even heard of an airplane, and were used to getting news and updates by radio.

Today, things have changed dramatically.

And though most of us are familiar with the major technological advances on the consumer electronics side of things, major leaps forward in the life sciences industry have been just as pronounced.

The application of engineering principles and practices to biology, nanotechnology, and the sciences of living organisms and how they operate have led to tremendous leaps forward in medical technology, in the health and wellness industries, and in helping us to lead happier and healthier lives than we would have been able to previously.

Process engineering plays a large role in these big breakthroughs.

Process engineering as it applies to the life sciences industry

Process engineers have always focused on distilling down the most complex parts of our lives to their bare essentials, stripping away every single step in the process to understand its role, its impact, and how things may be improved.

But when it comes to the life sciences, process engineers aren’t focused on breaking down the “engineering system” as they would in a more traditional engineering environment – but are instead focused on breaking down all of the complex systems inside the body or inside another living organism.

Looking at the body as an engineering project, process engineers get the chance to see how the body consumes fuel and raw materials, understand the thermogenic properties of the body, how each of the major and minor bodily systems dovetail into one another, and how information is exchanged throughout the body.

Obviously, that’s just the tip of the iceberg, but when you apply engineering processes and systems to the human body, you get the opportunity to look at things in a brand-new way. You get the chance to break down the body into its simpler and barest essentials, you get the opportunity to find ways to innovate and improve an already impressive system, and you come up with answers that may have seemed counterintuitive or nonobvious initially.

The future of process engineering in the life sciences industry

A big push in the life sciences industry by process engineers revolve around research into nanotechnology.

Process engineers (as well as researchers and engineers from all over the science spectrum) are looking for ways to create “mechanical cells” that do not have the shortcomings of traditional biological cells.

These nanomachines would be able to be programmed to deliver very specific results, and would essentially operate as digital or mechanical stem cells – performing a variety of mission-critical tasks throughout the body that may help eradicate disease and allow all of us to lead much happier, much healthier, and much longer lives without the baggage of “old age”.


Everything you need to know about process engineering in India

Everything you need to know about process engineering in India

It is absolutely impossible for any business in today’s ultra-competitive environment to survive very long without the help of process engineering professionals.

These professionals are the kinds of experts that are going to be able to effortlessly diagnose any and all inefficiencies, find and remove bottlenecks, and come up with new and innovative ways that allow businesses to compete without having to cut their prices – building in extra pockets of profit along the way.

Process engineering experts are also going to be able to take a look at the overall “foundation” of any particular business and help management better understand where things are being done efficiently and where things need a little bit of work.

The kind of process engineering experts we retain at Panorama Consulting have a varied background and expertise in a multitude of different areas, giving them – giving us – the unique opportunity to really help you better understand and diagnose your business without any headache or hassle along the way.

Let’s break down a little bit more about process engineering and how these professionals help to add to your bottom line.

What exactly is process engineering, in the first place?

Before we really dive into the nuts and bolts of process engineering, it’s important that you understand exactly what this subject is – and what it is not.

To put it simply, process engineering is essentially a discipline of engineering that focuses on creating and optimizing already existing or brand-new manufacturing processes, operations, controls, and workflows.

When you leverage the services of top-tier process engineers, you’re going to be able to create a much more efficient and a much more effective operation. This will lead to lower costs, extra profits, and less headache or hiccups along the way.

The overall process engineering process

The very first thing that process engineers are going to want to do upon having their services retained is get a look at your business operations as they exist today.

This early “discovery” part of the process is absolutely essential. These experts are going to take the time to appropriately diagnose existing systems not only so that they can find any hidden inefficiencies to be resolved, but also so that they can create solutions that are as non-disruptive as possible.

Once this discovery process has concluded, the engineers are going to look closer at day-to-day operations, controls, and any support tools or departments that may (in any way whatsoever) impact overall efficiency.

This is where a lot of the innovative solutions are going to come from, and where a tremendous amount of improved efficiency comes into play.

Finally, your process engineers are going to provide you with a set of actionable plans that you’ll be able to put into action across all departments of your operation with the sole goal of eliminating bottlenecks, wiping away in efficiency, and improving operations dramatically. You’ll be able to go back-and-forth about the specifics of how to implement these details, but you’ll also be able to come away from this overall experience with a better understanding of your operation, any shortcomings, and the advantages you enjoy over your competitors.