How to Reduce Risks of Accident in Project Engineering?
In the implementation of development projects, of course, we want to keep things running without any problems. We need to understand potential problems and early on try to anticipate them. One problem that is very vulnerable is that of accidents, which in certain contexts even endangers the lives of workers due to less attention paid in preventing accidents.
For construction services, giving services to certain development projects must have an agile process whose primary focus is to maintain the safety of workers project. A professional construction services company would need to have a futuristic shape effort that ensures construction projects can be completed without any casualty. Simple building construction projects may not be as important as a large building project involving many more workers and hence complex hierarchy and processes. Whatever the size of the project be, efforts still need to pay attention to the safety of workers.
In carrying out the necessary safety efforts, the company’s management policies should guide the operational procedures i.e. Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) that must be complied with by all elements of the workers involved.
The Causes of Accidents
In order to anticipate an issue, we must first understand what the source of the problem is or the main cause of accidents. When we realize what the cause is, we can take appropriate measures, substantive, and reliable in solving the problem of workplace accidents.
General workplace accidents can occur due to human factors, equipment used, management, and work sites. Here are summarized the factors that cause accidents into two quantities:
- Human Factors
This is caused by human error or the fault of the man himself. Here, the human does not meet safety standards due to inattention, careless, drowsiness, fatigue, etc. Research results found that 85% of workplace accidents are caused by human error factor alone. The human factor is caused by the characteristics and qualifications of workers. The system & processes are less capable, the system does not work well for recruitment, giving disproportionate hours, hence workers are prone to fatigue, and lack of supervision of the workers.
- Environmental Factors
Workplace accidents can also be caused by environmental conditions that are not safe (unsafe conditions) such as slippery floors, poor lighting factor, or even glare, the condition of the machine is open, and so on. The environmental problems need to be anticipated early on, so the solution will be adjusted contextually depending on the condition of each workplace.
Several Ways to Avoid Workplace Accidents
- Repair Recruitment system
Recruitment is the first gateway that can filter qualified workers and which is not being properly managed currently in most organizations. Therefore, we need to fix the problem of quality recruitment by providing minimum criteria or requirements that must be fulfilled for a construction worker. The minimum requirement can filter out which workers can perform decent work and who cannot, since there are still companies that rely on quantity or number of workers than the quality of performance, thereby leading to more accidents.
- Clarity of work status
Worker status can influence a person to have the motivation to work, provide psychological comfort for workers. If the workers are experiencing uncertainty, it will degrade their performance and they may not focus on what their work goals are. In contrast, if he is already getting certainty it will make them strive to improve the quality of their performance, and strive to comply with all the rules of the labor supplied by the company.
- Provide training
Job training is provided so that workers hear, understand, and appreciate every job that must be done with due regard to safety. This training should be able to provide awareness for the workers to always be disciplined and obedient to the SOP that has been made.